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World view: Islam

Posted by Chris

Date posted:

Islam demands separation from Christianity. But ironically are closer to Christianity than Mormonism.

  • Currently second largest religion.
  • Claims to have existed from Adam's creation.
  • Began with Muhammad and his influence in the 7th century.
  • Born in Mecca about AD 570. Received visions as a young man.
  • Main point: only one God exists.
  • Established Islam as the dominant religion in the Arabian peninsula.
  • Conquered people forced conversion. Payment of tax or death by beheading.
  • Islam's influence was curtailed by Europe's progress economically, socially, military, spiritually & globally.

Key beliefs

God:

  • Similar to Judaism, Christianity. Jesus is not God. Is one, not triune.

Angels:

  • God created from light, supernatural beings.
  • Good created Satan & demons from fire.

Scripture:

  • Torah of Moses, Psalms of David, gospel of Jesus Christ, and the Qur'an.
  • Qur'an supersedes all previous scriptures.
  • Qur'an should only be read in Arabic.

Prophets:

  • Numerous throughout the ages: Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad.
  • Jesus is the most controversial. Qur'an affirms his virgin birth via Mary. He is called Messiah. Worked miracles, was sinless and had power over death. Was not crucified and isn't God, merely human.

Last days:

  • Humanity will be resurrected to be judged.
  • Heaven is only available to Muslims, but not guaranteed immediate entrance.
  • Only martyrs in jihad are guaranteed immediate entrance.
  • Everyone else is punished in hell.

Practices

  • Creed: There's no god but God (Allah) and Muhammad is the prophet of God. Must be said before opening the Qur'an.
  • Pray five times a day, governed by sunrise and sunset.
  • Inward purity and genuine engagement are required for effective prayer.
  • Fasting, 1 month of Ramadan. 9th month in Muslim calendar. Abstain from all food, drink, smoking and sexual relations during daytime.
  • Pilgrimage: once a lifetime journey to Mecca. Obligation for all Muslims with sufficient health and income. Done in last Islamic calendar.
  • Jihad: holy war. Called to smite unbelievers, behead.

Guidelines for engagement

  • Spiritual preparation
  • Genuine relationship
  • Live out the gospel
  • Use the Qur'an - Bible is taught as the pre scripture.

Recommended Reading: The politically incorrect guide to Islam.

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